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Integrate GitLab with Kerberos

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GitLab can integrate with Kerberos as an authentication mechanism.

  • You can configure GitLab so your users can sign in with their Kerberos credentials.
  • You can use Kerberos to prevent anyone from intercepting or eavesdropping on the transmitted password.

WARNING: GitLab CI/CD doesn't work with a Kerberos-enabled GitLab instance unless the integration is set to use a dedicated port.


For GitLab to offer Kerberos token-based authentication, perform the following prerequisites. You still need to configure your system for Kerberos usage, such as specifying realms. GitLab makes use of the system's Kerberos settings.

GitLab keytab

  1. Create a Kerberos Service Principal for the HTTP service on your GitLab server. If your GitLab server is and your Kerberos realm EXAMPLE.COM, create a Service Principal HTTP/ in your Kerberos database.
  2. Create a keytab on the GitLab server for the above Service Principal. For example, /etc/http.keytab.

The keytab is a sensitive file and must be readable by the GitLab user. Set ownership and protect the file appropriately:

sudo chown git /etc/http.keytab
sudo chmod 0600 /etc/http.keytab

Configure GitLab

Self-compiled installations

NOTE: For self-compiled installations, make sure the kerberos gem group has been installed.

  1. Edit the kerberos section of gitlab.yml to enable Kerberos ticket-based authentication. In most cases, you only need to enable Kerberos and specify the location of the keytab:

      enabled: true
      allow_single_sign_on: ['kerberos']
      # Allow the HTTP Negotiate authentication method for Git clients
      enabled: true
      # Kerberos 5 keytab file. The keytab file must be readable by the GitLab user,
      # and should be different from other keytabs in the system.
      # (default: use default keytab from Krb5 config)
      keytab: /etc/http.keytab
  2. Restart GitLab for the changes to take effect.

Linux package installations

  1. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    gitlab_rails['omniauth_allow_single_sign_on'] = ['kerberos']
    gitlab_rails['kerberos_enabled'] = true
    gitlab_rails['kerberos_keytab'] = "/etc/http.keytab"

    To avoid GitLab creating users automatically on their first sign in through Kerberos, don't set kerberos for gitlab_rails['omniauth_allow_single_sign_on'].

  2. Reconfigure GitLab for the changes to take effect.

GitLab now offers the negotiate authentication method for signing in and HTTP Git access, enabling Git clients that support this authentication protocol to authenticate with Kerberos tokens.

Enable single sign-on

Configure the common settings to add kerberos as a single sign-on provider. This enables Just-In-Time account provisioning for users who do not have an existing GitLab account.

Create and link Kerberos accounts

You can either link a Kerberos account to an existing GitLab account, or set up GitLab to create a new account when a Kerberos user tries to sign in.

Link a Kerberos account to an existing GitLab account

  • Kerberos SPNEGO renamed to Kerberos in GitLab 15.4.

If you're an administrator, you can link a Kerberos account to an existing GitLab account. To do so:

  1. On the left sidebar, at the bottom, select Admin Area.
  2. Select Overview > Users.
  3. Select a user, then select the Identities tab.
  4. From the Provider dropdown list, select Kerberos.
  5. Make sure the Identifier corresponds to the Kerberos username.
  6. Select Save changes.

If you're not an administrator:

  1. On the left sidebar, select your avatar.
  2. Select Edit profile.
  3. On the left sidebar, select Account.
  4. In the Service sign-in section, select Connect Kerberos. If you don't see a Service sign-in Kerberos option, follow the requirements in Enable single sign-on.

In either case, you should now be able to sign in to your GitLab account with your Kerberos credentials.

Create accounts on first sign-in

The first time users sign in to GitLab with their Kerberos accounts, GitLab creates a matching account. Before you continue, review the common configuration settings options in Omnibus and GitLab source. You must also include kerberos.

With that information at hand:

  1. Include 'kerberos' with the allow_single_sign_on setting.
  2. For now, accept the default block_auto_created_users option, true.
  3. When a user tries to sign in with Kerberos credentials, GitLab creates a new account.
    1. If block_auto_created_users is true, the Kerberos user may see a message like:

      Your account has been blocked. Please contact your GitLab
      administrator if you think this is an error.
      1. As an administrator, you can confirm the new, blocked account:
        1. On the left sidebar, at the bottom, select Admin Area.
        2. On the left sidebar, select Overview > Users and review the Blocked tab.
      2. You can enable the user.
    2. If block_auto_created_users is false, the Kerberos user is authenticated and is signed in to GitLab.

WARNING: We recommend that you retain the default for block_auto_created_users. Kerberos users who create accounts on GitLab without administrator knowledge can be a security risk.

Link Kerberos and LDAP accounts together

If your users sign in with Kerberos, but you also have LDAP integration enabled, your users are linked to their LDAP accounts on their first sign-in. For this to work, some prerequisites must be met:

The Kerberos username must match the LDAP user's UID. You can choose which LDAP attribute is used as the UID in the GitLab LDAP configuration but for Active Directory, this should be sAMAccountName.

The Kerberos realm must match the domain part of the LDAP user's Distinguished Name. For instance, if the Kerberos realm is AD.EXAMPLE.COM, then the LDAP user's Distinguished Name should end in dc=ad,dc=example,dc=com.

Taken together, these rules mean that linking only works if your users' Kerberos usernames are of the form foo@AD.EXAMPLE.COM and their LDAP Distinguished Names look like sAMAccountName=foo,dc=ad,dc=example,dc=com.

Custom allowed realms

Introduced in GitLab 13.5.

You can configure custom allowed realms when the user's Kerberos realm doesn't match the domain from the user's LDAP DN. The configuration value must specify all domains that users may be expected to have. Any other domains are ignored and an LDAP identity is not linked.


:::TabTitle Linux package (Omnibus)

  1. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    gitlab_rails['kerberos_simple_ldap_linking_allowed_realms'] = ['','']
  2. Save the file and reconfigure GitLab for the changes to take effect.

:::TabTitle Self-compiled (source)

  1. Edit config/gitlab.yml:

      simple_ldap_linking_allowed_realms: ['','']
  2. Save the file and restart GitLab for the changes to take effect.


HTTP Git access

A linked Kerberos account enables you to git pull and git push using your Kerberos account, as well as your standard GitLab credentials.

GitLab users with a linked Kerberos account can also git pull and git push using Kerberos tokens. That is, without having to send their password with each operation.

WARNING: There is a known issue with libcurl older than version 7.64.1 wherein it doesn't reuse connections when negotiating. This leads to authorization issues when push is larger than http.postBuffer configuration. Ensure that Git is using at least libcurl 7.64.1 to avoid this. To know the libcurl version installed, run curl-config --version.

HTTP Git access with Kerberos token (passwordless authentication)

Because of a bug in current Git versions, the git CLI command uses only the negotiate authentication method if the HTTP server offers it, even if this method fails (such as when the client does not have a Kerberos token). It is thus not possible to fall back to an embedded username and password (also known as basic) authentication if Kerberos authentication fails.

For GitLab users to be able to use either basic or negotiate authentication with current Git versions, it is possible to offer Kerberos ticket-based authentication on a different port (for example, 8443) while the standard port offers only basic authentication.

NOTE: Git 2.4 and later supports falling back to basic authentication if the username and password is passed interactively or through a credentials manager. It fails to fall back when the username and password is passed as part of the URL instead. For example, this can happen in GitLab CI/CD jobs that authenticate with the CI/CD job token.


:::TabTitle Linux package (Omnibus)

  1. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    gitlab_rails['kerberos_use_dedicated_port'] = true
    gitlab_rails['kerberos_port'] = 8443
    gitlab_rails['kerberos_https'] = true
  2. Reconfigure GitLab for the changes to take effect.

:::TabTitle Self-compiled (source) with HTTPS

  1. Edit the NGINX configuration file for GitLab (for example, /etc/nginx/sites-available/gitlab-ssl) and configure NGINX to listen to port 8443 in addition to the standard HTTPS port:

    server {
      listen ssl;
      listen [::]:443 ipv6only=on ssl default_server;
      listen ssl;
      listen [::]:8443 ipv6only=on ssl;
  2. Update the kerberos section of gitlab.yml:

      # Dedicated port: Git before 2.4 does not fall back to Basic authentication if Negotiate fails.
      # To support both Basic and Negotiate methods with older versions of Git, configure
      # nginx to proxy GitLab on an extra port (for example: 8443) and uncomment the following lines
      # to dedicate this port to Kerberos authentication. (default: false)
      use_dedicated_port: true
      port: 8443
      https: true
  3. Restart GitLab and NGINX for the changes to take effect.


After this change, Git remote URLs have to be updated to to use Kerberos ticket-based authentication.

Upgrading from password-based to ticket-based Kerberos sign-ins

In previous versions of GitLab users had to submit their Kerberos username and password to GitLab when signing in.

We deprecated password-based Kerberos sign-ins in GitLab 14.3 and removed it in GitLab 15.0. You must switch to ticket-based sign in.

Depending on your existing GitLab configuration, Sign in with: Kerberos may already be visible on your GitLab sign-in page. If not, then add the settings described above.

To disable password-based Kerberos sign-ins, remove the OmniAuth provider kerberos from your gitlab.yml/gitlab.rb file.


:::TabTitle Linux package (Omnibus)

  1. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and remove the { "name" => "kerberos" } line under gitlab_rails['omniauth_providers']:

    gitlab_rails['omniauth_providers'] = [
      { "name" => "kerberos" } # <-- remove this entry
  2. Reconfigure GitLab for the changes to take effect.

:::TabTitle Self-compiled (source)

  1. Edit gitlab.yml and remove the - { name: 'kerberos' } line under OmniAuth providers:

      # Rest of configuration omitted
      # ...
        - { name: 'kerberos' }  # <-- remove this line
  2. Restart GitLab for the changes to take effect.


NOTE: Removing the kerberos OmniAuth provider can also resolve a rare Krb5Auth::Krb5::Exception (No credentials cache found) error (500 error in GitLab) when trying to clone via HTTPS.

Support for Active Directory Kerberos environments

When using Kerberos ticket-based authentication in an Active Directory domain, it may be necessary to increase the maximum header size allowed by NGINX, as extensions to the Kerberos protocol may result in HTTP authentication headers larger than the default size of 8 kB. Configure large_client_header_buffers to a larger value in the NGINX configuration.

Use Keytabs created using AES-only encryption with Windows AD

When you create a keytab with Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)-only encryption, you must select the This account supports Kerberos AES <128/256> bit encryption checkbox for that account in the AD server. Whether the checkbox is 128 or 256 bit depends on the encryption strength used when you created the keytab. To check this, on the Active Directory server:

  1. Open the Users and Groups tool.
  2. Locate the account that you used to create the keytab.
  3. Right-click the account and select Properties.
  4. In Account Options on the Account tab, select the appropriate AES encryption support checkbox.
  5. Save and close.


Using Google Chrome with Kerberos authentication against Windows AD

When you use Google Chrome to sign in to GitLab with Kerberos, you must enter your full username. For example,

If you do not enter your full username, the sign-in fails. Check the logs to see the following event message as evidence of this sign-in failure:

"message":"OmniauthKerberosController: failed to process Negotiate/Kerberos authentication: gss_accept_sec_context did not return GSS_S_COMPLETE: An unsupported mechanism was requested\nUnknown error"`.

Test connectivity between the GitLab and Kerberos servers

You can use utilities like kinit and klist to test connectivity between the GitLab server and the Kerberos server. How you install these depends on your specific OS.

Use klist to see the service principal names (SPN) available in your keytab file and the encryption type for each SPN:

klist -ke /etc/http.keytab

On an Ubuntu server, the output would look similar to the following:

Keytab name: FILE:/etc/http.keytab
KVNO Principal
---- --------------------------------------------------------------------------
   3 HTTP/my.gitlab.domain@MY.REALM (des-cbc-crc)
   3 HTTP/my.gitlab.domain@MY.REALM (des-cbc-md5)
   3 HTTP/my.gitlab.domain@MY.REALM (arcfour-hmac)
   3 HTTP/my.gitlab.domain@MY.REALM (aes256-cts-hmac-sha1-96)
   3 HTTP/my.gitlab.domain@MY.REALM (aes128-cts-hmac-sha1-96)

Use kinit in verbose mode to test whether GitLab can use the keytab file to connect to the Kerberos server:

KRB5_TRACE=/dev/stdout kinit -kt /etc/http.keytab HTTP/my.gitlab.domain@MY.REALM

This command shows a detailed output of the authentication process.

Unsupported GSSAPI mechanism

With Kerberos SPNEGO authentication, the browser is expected to send a list of mechanisms it supports to GitLab. If it doesn't support any of the mechanisms GitLab supports, authentication fails with a message like this in the log:

OmniauthKerberosController: failed to process Negotiate/Kerberos authentication: gss_accept_sec_context did not return GSS_S_COMPLETE: An unsupported mechanism was requested Unknown error

There are a number of potential causes and solutions for this error message.

Kerberos integration not using a dedicated port

GitLab CI/CD doesn't work with a Kerberos-enabled GitLab instance unless the Kerberos integration is configured to use a dedicated port.

Lack of connectivity between client machine and Kerberos server

This is usually seen when the browser is unable to contact the Kerberos server directly. It falls back to an unsupported mechanism known as IAKERB, which tries to use the GitLab server as an intermediary to the Kerberos server.

If you're experiencing this error, ensure there is connectivity between the client machine and the Kerberos server - this is a prerequisite! Traffic may be blocked by a firewall, or the DNS records may be incorrect.

GitLab DNS record is a CNAME record error

Kerberos fails with this error when GitLab is referenced with a CNAME record. To resolve this issue, ensure the DNS record for GitLab is an A record.

Mismatched forward and reverse DNS records for GitLab instance hostname

Another failure mode occurs when the forward and reverse DNS records for the GitLab server do not match. Often, Windows clients work in this case while Linux clients fail. They use reverse DNS while detecting the Kerberos realm. If they get the wrong realm then ordinary Kerberos mechanisms fail, so the client falls back to attempting to negotiate IAKERB, leading to the above error message.

To fix this, ensure that the forward and reverse DNS for your GitLab server match. So for instance, if you access GitLab as, resolving to IP address, then must be a PTR record for

Missing Kerberos libraries on browser or client machine

Finally, it's possible that the browser or client machine lack Kerberos support completely. Ensure that the Kerberos libraries are installed and that you can authenticate to other Kerberos services.

HTTP Basic: Access denied when cloning

remote: HTTP Basic: Access denied
fatal: Authentication failed for '<KRB5 path>'

If you are using Git v2.11 or newer and see the above error when cloning, you can set the http.emptyAuth Git option to true to fix this:

git config --global http.emptyAuth true

See also: Git v2.11 release notes

Helpful links